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Crystal Trade Names, Trademarked Stones, Synonyms & Misnomers


Herkimer Diamond
Herkimer 'Diamond' - not actually a Diamond, but a misnomer for a variety of double terminated Quartz

A TAXONOMY OF STONE


In the world of crystals, learning the nomenclature of species and subspecies is a big job. Mineralogical names are considered the 'gold standard' (pun intended!) when it comes to crystal identification, often relating to the name of the mineral's type-locality, the geologist credited with its discovery, or a Greek or Latin root describing the stone's classical properties. However, especially for those new to crystals, it can be particularly confusing to discover that all is not what it seems when it comes to names. Trade names, metaphysical names and pure misnomers abound, often with little or no reference to the crystal's actual composition. Many names were developed over the last century by the fine jewellery industry as a means of 'romancing the stone' to create more intrigue around a particular gem, and the same is true for many metaphysical and marketing names today. In some instances, misleading misnomers have also been created to obscure the true identity of a crystal. Other trade names, however, have emerged to help distinguish subtle differences in formation, colour, or inclusions - especially for such a varied mineral group as Quartz.


This list of 500+ names has been collected over the last 20 years drawing upon our extensive industry knowledge and experience, and will be expanded upon as new names emerge. It aims to shed light on the true mineral origins behind each fancy moniker (as well as some historical ones, too). We have intentionally left out certain mineralogically accepted variation names for the Garnet, Tourmaline, Beryl, and Feldspar family groups as these are not strictly marketing names. We hope this list may serve as an empowering reference to help you navigate the crystal world and perhaps discover something new about stones already in your collection. Please share this link with other crystal lovers!


See our article Toxic Crystals, Fakes & Forgeries for more about manmade and artificially-treated stones: https://www.solsticestones.com/post/crystal-cautions



 

ACHATE - an old name for Agate, as listed in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


ADELAIDE RUBY - not actually Ruby, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Almandine Garnet from Australia


AERIS - an ancient Roman and medieval alchemical name for both Copper & the element of Air (though sometimes differentiated by the 'ae' ligature)


AFRICAN JADE - not actually Jade, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Verdite (Fuchsite with impurities) from South Africa; also referred to as Buddstone


AFRICAN TURQUOISE - not actually Turquoise, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for a spotty, teal-coloured Jasper


AGAPE CRYSTAL - a trademarked name for a combination of Clear Quartz, Amethyst, Smoky Quartz, Cacoxenite, Goethite, Lepidocrocite, & Rutile; a synonym for Super Seven


AGNI MANI - a fabled stone known as the 'Fire Pearl' in Sanskrit legend; now considered by some to be a variety of Tektite; an occasional synonym for Javanite and Indochinite


AGNITITE - a trademarked name for Clear Quartz with red Hematite inclusions, also known as Agni Fire Quartz


ALASKA BLACK DIAMOND - not actually Diamond, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Hematite


ALBATINE - a trademarked name for a variety of white Aragonite


ALLIGATOR QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form (usually seen in Smoky Quartz) composed of multiple small terminations with parallel rhombohedral faces, often creating an overall double terminated effect; synonymous with Jacare Quartz and Elestial Quartz


ALMANDINE SPAR - an antiquated name & misnomer for Eudialyte


ALUM CRYSTAL - not a genuine crystal, but a common name for manmade lab-created material composed of potassium aluminium sulphate, seen in a variety of colours & easily grown from a science kit; also known as Cermikite or Alunite (though not to be confused with the genuine mineral Alunite)


AMARANTHINE - a trademarked name for a variety of brecciated Fluorite with Quartz


AMATRIX - a trade name for Variscite from Nevada, USA; short for 'American Matrix'; also known as Utahlite


AMAZON JADE - not actually Jade, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Amazonite (Microcline Feldspar); also known as Amazon Stone


AMBER ONYX - a trade name & misnomer for banded orange Calcite


AMBRITE - a synonym for Amber that occurs in New Zealand coal seams; also known as Resinite


AMEGREEN - a trademarked name for Amethyst with Prasiolite (Green Quartz)


AMERICAN RUBY - a trade name & misleading misnomer for Garnet from the United States


AMEZEZ - a trademarked name for banded Amethyst, otherwise known as Chevron Amethyst


AMMOLITE - a trade name for gem-quality rainbow Ammonite fossils from Alberta, Canada


AMULET STONE - may refer to any stone of ancient or modern use kept on one's person for qualities of healing, magic, or protection; also a trademarked name for a type of Rhyolite


ANANDALITE - a trademarked name for Quartz with subparallel Brazil-law twinning (not Rhodium inclusions as previously suggested); synonym for Iris Quartz and Aurora Quartz


ANCESTRALITE - a trade name for Martite (pseudomorphic Hematite after Marcasite)


ANCHI CRYSTAL - a trademarked name for a variety of lithium Pegmatite rock


ANCONA RUBY - a trade name & misleading misnomer for Rose Quartz


ANDARA CRYSTAL - not a genuine crystal, but a notorious scam for manmade coloured 'slag glass' or 'cullet glass' (used in landscaping & aquarium decoration) being sold as authentic natural crystals from the earth; also known as Monatomic Andara


ANGEL HAIR QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with fine threads of Rutile (titanium dioxide) inclusions; also known as Rutilated Quartz


ANGEL PHANTOM QUARTZ - a trade name for Amphibole included Quartz (it should be noted that these crystals do not actually include a true 'phantom' within); the red-orange variety is also known as Papaya Quartz, or Rabbit Hair Quartz if the inclusions are delicately & ubiquitously dispersed


ANGELINITE - a trade name for a variety of Quartz with Calcite


ANGELITE - a trade name for opaque massive blue Anhydrite from Peru


ANYOLITE - a trade name for a combination of green Zoisite, Pargasite, & Ruby from Tanzania; also known as Tanganyika Artstone, or more commonly as Ruby in Zoisite


APACHE GOLD - a trade name for a combination of Pyrite & Marcasite from Arizona; also known as Healer's Gold


APACHE TEAR - a common name for rounded pebbles of translucent dark brown Obsidian, often found embedded in a Perlite matrix; these formations are referred to as Marekanites in mineralogy


APHRODITE STONE - a trade name for Cobaltoan Calcite, also known as Cobaltocalcite


AQUAPRASE - a trademarked name for a variety of blue-green Chalcedony from Africa


ARIZONA RUBY - a trade name & misleading misnomer for Pyrope Garnet


ARIZONAITE - a trade name for a 'pseudotektite' variety of Obsidian; a synonym for Saffordite, Colombianite & Cintanami Stone


ARKANSAS DIAMOND - a trade name & misnomer for Quartz from Arkansas, USA


ARKANSAS STONE - a trade name & synonym for Novaculite (a variety of Chert) from Arkansas, USA; not to be confused with Arkansas Quartz


AROHA STONE - a trademarked name for Quartz, Muscovite & Piemontite Schist from New Zealand; also known as Vitalite


ASCENSIONITE - a trade name for a combination of Pyrite & Marcasite


ASTARALINE - a trademarked name for low grade Quartz with Muscovite & Cronstedtite inclusions


ASTERIA - an ancient name for any gemstone that displayed a star or asterism when cut, such as Sapphire, Ruby & Diopside, as described by Pliny the Elder in Natural History


ASTRION - an ancient name for Moonstone, as described by Pliny the Elder in Natural History


ATLANTIS STONE - a blue stone foretold in its discovery by medium Edgar Cayce, now considered by some to be Larimar (Blue Pectolite)


ATLANTISITE - a trade name for Stichtite with Serpentine from Tasmania, Australia


ATLAS ORE - an antiquated synonym for Malachite


AURA QUARTZ - a trade name for a series of artificially enhanced Quartz varieties available in a spectrum of rainbow colours, created by the deposition of pure elemental vapours of Gold, Titanium, & Indium in a vacuum chamber; varieties include Aqua Aura, Opal Aura (Angel Aura), Titanium Aura, Tangerine Aura, Imperial Gold Aura, Sunshine Aura, Tanzan Aura, Cobalt Aura, Ruby Aura & more


AURALITE-23 or AURALITE - a trade name for banded Amethyst with Prasiolite, Quartz, Hematite, Goethite & many other inclusions from the Boreal Forest in Ontario, Canada


AURORA QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with subparallel Brazil-law twinning (not Rhodium inclusions as previously suggested); synonymous with Iris Quartz and Anandalite


AVALON STONE - a trade name for a variety of Mudstone from England


AZEZTULITE - a series of trademarked names for opaque & mostly massive low grade Quartz


AZUL - an antiquated synonym for Lapis Lazuli


AZUMAR - a trademarked name for Quartz with Kaolinite from Arizona, USA


 

BAFFA DIAMOND - a trade name & misnomer for Clear Quartz from Cyprus; also known as Bafo Diamond


BAHIA TOPAZ - a trade name & misleading misnomer for Citrine from Bahia, Brazil


BALAS RUBY - a historical name and misnomer based on a misidentification of Red Spinel


BALINYOUQI STONE - a trade name a combination of Cinnabar, Dickite & Quartz; also known as Chicken Blood Stone, or Changhua Stone


BANALINGA - a Sanskrit name for a variety of Shiva Lingam (a sacred ovoid shaped stone) fashioned out of red & cream banded Jasper found along the Naramada River in India


BC OCEAN PICTURE STONE - a trade name for a combination of blue Chalcedony, Limonite & Serpentine from British Columbia, Canada


BELLO OPAL - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-created polymer material commonly sold as an Opal imitation


BELOMORITE - a trade name for Peristerite (a variety of adularescent Plagioclase Feldspar); also known as Belomorite Moonstone


BENGAL AMETHYST - a trade name for purple Sapphire


BINGHAMITE - a trade name for a diverse range a of lapidary minerals from Minnesota, United States (most often varieties of Chalcedony, sometimes with Amphibole inclusions); also known as Silkstone or Cuyunite


BIRON EMERALD - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-created Beryl


BLACK AMBER - a historical name & misnomer for Jet, as listed in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


BLACK JACK - a historical name for Sphalerite, a term used by miners in Wales & England


BLACK LABRADORITE - a synonym & partial misnomer for Larvikite (a variety of Augite-Syenite with chatoyant Feldspar)


BLACK STRONGSTONE - a trademarked name for black Quartz from Mexico


BLEU JAUNE - a trade name for a special variety of banded purple & yellow Fluorite from Derbyshire, UK; also known as Blue John & Darbyshire Spar


BLIZZARD STONE - a trademarked name for a variety of Gabbro, an intrusive igneous rock


BLOOD JASPER - a synonym for Bloodstone; also known as Heliotrope


BLOOD STONE - a synonym for Hematite; or in other cases, a variation of Bloodstone


BLUE GOLDSTONE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade glass containing tiny glittering flecks of Cobalt particles suspended in a coloured matrix; also seen in green & copper coloured 'Goldstone' varieties


BLUE IRON EARTH - a synonym for Vivianite


BLUE JOHN - a trade name for a special variety of banded purple & yellow Fluorite from Derbyshire, UK; also known as Derbyshire Spar & Bleu Jaune


BLUE LIBERITE - a trademarked name for Rhyolite with blue Quartz phenocrysts from Brazil


BLUE MALACHITE - not actually Malachite, but an old synonym & misnomer for Azurite; now used as a trade name & misnomer for Chrysocolla


BLUE OBSIDIAN - not a genuine crystal (most often), but a trade name for a manmade glass with a bright transparent aqua or peacock blue colour; not to be confused with authentic blue Obsidian, which only occurs naturally as a turquoise-blue sheen against a black background as one of the colours sometimes seen in Rainbow Obsidian


BLUE ONYX - a trade name & misnomer for a variety of banded blue Calcite from Argentina; also known by the trademarked name Lemurian Aquatine Calcite


BLUE TARA QUARTZ - a trade name for Riebeckite (blue-grey Amphibole) in Quartz, sometimes possibly with Olenite Tourmaline inclusions


BLUEBERRY QUARTZ - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade glass with streaks of bright blue colouring, often shaped into artificial points and spheres; a red version of this manmade glass is called Cherry 'Quartz'


BLUESTONE - a synonym for Preseli Spotted Dolerite, an igneous rock from South Wales used in the construction of Stonehenge; also referred to as Preseli Bluestone or Stonehenge Bluestone


BODEACHAT - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade 'slag glass' of a dark blue colour produced as a byproduct of iron smelting in Bad Lauterberg, Germany in the late 18th century (not 1400 years ago as previously suggested); also known as Sieberachat or Sieber Agate


BOJI STONE - a trademarked name for fossilized Pyrite & Marcasite concretions from Kansas, USA; also known as Kansas Pop Rocks


BOLIVIANITE - most commonly seen as a trade name for Ametrine; however it may also refer to a combination of purple Fluorite & Serpentine


BONE TURQUOISE - a trade name & misnomer for Odontolite (fossil bone) containing microcrystalline blue Apatite; also known as Occidental Turquoise


BORT - an industry name for low grade opaque Diamonds


BRANDENBERG QUARTZ - a misspelling & synonym for Brandberg Quartz from Namibia


BRISTOL DIAMOND - a local name for Clear Quartz from the Mendip Hills in Somerset, England


BUDDHALITE - a trademarked name for a variety of white Calcite from China


BUDDSTONE - a trade name for Verdite (Fuchsite with impurities) from South Africa; also misleadingly referred to as African Jade


BUFONITE - an ancient name for the fossilized tooth plate of an extinct fish; used as a protective amulet during the Middle Ages, as mentioned in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts; also known as Toad Stone


BULGARIAN POWER CRYSTAL - a trademarked name for a variety of Quartz with Pyrite or Sphalerite


BULL'S EYE - a trade name & synonym for Red Tiger's Eye (an artificially-treated variety Quartz with chatoyant Amphibole inclusions)


BUMBLEBEE JASPER - not actually a Jasper, but a trade name and misnomer for banded Calcite with Pyrite & Realgar from West Java, Indonesia; also known as Eclipse Stone


BURMITE - a variety of Amber from Myanmar; also known as Kachin Amber


 

CAIRNGORM - a local name for Smoky Quartz found in the Cairngorm Mountains of Scotland


CALAMINE - a medieval name referring to both Smithsonite and Hemimorphite (they were historically believed to be the same mineral)


CALLAIS - an ancient name for Turquoise, first described by Pliny the Elder; also sometimes written as Callaina; also known as Kallait


CALLIGRAPHY STONE - a trade name for a type of Jasper with fossiliferous inclusions; also known as Mariam Stone, Script Stone & Sange Maryam


CANDY SPINEL - not actually a Spinel, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Almandine Garnet


CAPE EMERALD - not actually Emerald, but a misleading marketing name for Prehnite


CAPE MAY DIAMOND - a local name & misnomer for Clear Quartz pebbles from New Jersey, United States


CARBORUNDUM - not a genuine crystal, but a common name for a manmade material composed of silicon carbide, artificially produced as an industrial abrasive & sold as dark rainbow metallic 'specimens'


CARBUNCLE - an antiquated name referring to red stones in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts, now most often believed to be Carnelian, Almandine Garnet, or Red Zircon


CASTELLITE - a synonym for Titanite; also known as Sphene


CAT'S EYE - may refer to a luminous optical effect seen in certain types gemstones (also known as chatoyancy); or it may refer more specifically to a variety of Chrysoberyl; not to be confused with Tiger's Eye or the colourful manmade 'Cat's Eye' material (composed of synthetic glass fibres)


CERMIKITE - not a genuine crystal, but a common name for a manmade lab-created material composed of potassium aluminium sulphate, seen in a variety of colours & easily grown from a science kit; also referred to as Alum or Alunite (though not to be confused with the genuine mineral Alunite)


CEYLON DIAMOND - not actually Diamond, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for colourless Zircon


CEYLON OPAL - not actually Opal, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Moonstone from Sri Lanka


CHALYBITE - a synonym for Siderite


CHANDRAKANTA - a Hindi name and synonym for Moonstone (encompassing a variety of Feldspars), meaning 'wife of the moon'; also known as Chandra Kanta Moni


CHANGHUA STONE - a trade name a combination of Cinnabar, Dickite, & Quartz; also known as Chicken Blood Stone, or Balinyouqi Stone


CHERRY QUARTZ - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade glass with streaks of bright red colouring, often shaped into artificial points and spheres; sometimes also seen as Cinnabar Quartz or Strawberry Quartz (not to be confused with the trade name Strawberry Quartz used to describe a genuine combination of Quartz with flecks red Hematite inclusions); a blue version of this manmade glass is called Blueberry 'Quartz'


CHESSYLITE - a synonym for Azurite


CHICKEN BLOOD STONE - a trade name a combination of Cinnabar, Dickite, & Quartz; also known as Changhua Stone, or Balinyouqi Stone


CHINESE CHAROITE - not actually Charoite, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for banded purple Fluorite; also known as Amaranthine


CHINESE LARIMAR - not actually Larimar, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Blue Aragonite


CHINESE WRITING STONE - a trade name for a variety of Feldspar Porphyry


CHODCHOD - an ancient name for any one of several red precious or semi-precious stones, often believed to be Ruby, Carnelian or Jasper


CHRYSANTHEMUM STONE - a trade name for a variety of stone displaying flower-like patterns with variable composition on a contrasting dark matrix; the 'flowers' are commonly Celestine, Feldspar, or Aragonite


CHRYSOLITE - an ancient name that may refer to a few different types of gemstones, but most often regarded as a synonym for gem quality Olivine (Peridot); may differently appear as a synonym for Prehnite; also an ancient name for a variety of yellow-green stones first described by Pliny the Elder, now believed to refer to Chrysoberyl or Topaz; not to be confused with Chrysotile


CINNABRITE - a trade name for Cinnabar in Quartz


CINNAMON STONE - a trade name & synonym for Hessonite Garnet


CINNAZEZ - a trademarked name for Quartz & Cinnabar with inclusions of Zinc


CINTANAMI STONE - a trade name for a 'pseudotektite' variety of Obsidian; a synonym for Saffordite, Colombianite & Arizonaite


CIRCLE STONE - a trademarked name for a variety of Flint from southwest England


COLLAMACALCITE - a trademarked name for a combination of Malachite & Chrysocolla in a white matrix (possibly Calcite)


COLOMBIANITE - a trade name for a 'pseudotektite' variety of Obsidian; a synonym for Saffordite, Arizonaite & Cintanami Stone


COLORADO JADE - an outdated trade name & misleading misnomer for Amazonite from Pike's Peak, Colorado, USA


COMPASSION STONE - a trade name for a combination of Malachite, Chrysocolla & Quartz (often incorrectly sold as Ajoite); also known as Phoenix Stone or Phoenix Pine


COPPERNITE - a trade name for an Amphibole-rich mafic rock; commonly misidentified as Nuumite; also known as Galaxy Granite


CORNISH DIAMOND - a trade name & misnomer for Clear Quartz from Cornwall, England


COROMANDEL STONEWOOD - a trademarked name for Petrified Wood from New Zealand


CRACKLE QUARTZ - a trade name for an artificially enhanced variety of Quartz that has been heated to a very high temperature and then cooled quickly, or quench-crackled; the shock creates a network of fractures which can absorb various brightly coloured dyes; also known as Fire & Ice Quartz


CRANBERRY QUARTZ - a trademarked name Hematite included Quartz from Argentina; also known as Rose Amethyst or Pink Amethyst


CRADLE OF HUMANKIND - a trade name for a variety of grey Chalcedony from South Africa


CREATION STONE - a trademarked name for Agate from Queensland, Australia


CROCODILE STONE - a trade name for a volcanic Rhyolite (not a Stromatolite fossil as some have suggested); also known as Kambaba Stone, Nebula Stone, or Eldarite


CROSS STONE - a synonym for Chiastolite (a variety of Andalusite)


CROW'S COAL - a synonym for Anthracite


CSARITE - a trademarked name for Diaspore from Anatolia, Turkey; also known as Kayserite, Empholite, Tantarite & Zultanite


CUBIC ZIRCONIA - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-grown material composed of zirconium dioxide, used in jewellery as a Diamond imitation or alternative; sometimes seen simply as 'CZ'; not to be confused with the genuine mineral Zircon


CUYUNITE - a trade name for a diverse range a of lapidary minerals from Minnesota, United States (most often varieties of Chalcedony, sometimes with Amphibole inclusions); also known as Binghamite or Silkstone


 

DALLASITE - a common name for a variety of brecciated Jasper with Epidote, Chlorite & Calcite from Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada


DALMATIAN JASPER - not actually a Jasper, but a trade name & misnomer for cream Feldspar with dark spots of Arfvedsonite


DARWIN GLASS - a variety of Impactite (Tektite) from Tasmania, Australia; also known as Darwinite


DESERT GLASS - a synonym for Libyan Gold Tektite, a variety of Impactite from Western Egypt


DESERT ROSE - a common name for a rose-type formation of Selenite, Baryte, or Celestine; also known as Gypsum Rose, or Sand Rose


DETROIT AGATE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade material composed of layers of automotive paint, resulting from the buildup of enamel in areas where cars were spray-painted; also known as Fordite or Rainbow Calsilica


DEVALITE - a trademarked name for a combination of Serpentine with grey Quartz


DIANITE - a synonym for Columbite; not to be confused with Dianite Jade


DIANITE JADE - not actually Jade, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for a blue Potassicrichterite Amphibole rock; also known as Siberian Blue Jade


DICHROITE - a synonym for Cordierite, also known as Iolite or Water Sapphire


DISTHENE - a synonym for Kyanite


DOLPHIN STONE - a trade name for Larimar (a variety of blue Pectolite)


DRAGON STONE - a trade name for Septarian nodules from Madagascar (Aragonite with Calcite); not to be confused with Dragonstone (Green Epidote with Red Piemontite)


DRAGON'S BLOOD - a trade name for Green Fuchsite with Red Jasper from Western Australia, sometimes known as Dragon's Blood Jasper


DRAGONSTONE - a trade name for Green Epidote with Red Piemontite from South Africa; not to be confused with Dragon Stone Septarian nodules


DREAM QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with misty, sage green inclusions of Epidote (often forming delicate phantoms within)


DYAMAUNT - an old Middle English name for Diamond


 

ECLIPSE STONE - not actually Jasper, but a trade name for banded Calcite with Pyrite & Realgar from West Java, Indonesia; also known as Bumblebee Jasper


EGLOPTALMOS - an ancient name for Orbicular Agate, as mentioned in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


EGYPTIAN ALABASTER - a synonym for Calcite from Egypt


EGYPTILLIA - an ancient name for banded Agate, as mentioned by Pliny the Elder; also seen as Aegyptilla


EISENKIESEL - a synonym for Quartz with red Hematite inclusions; also known as Hematoid Quartz


ELAIT STONE - a trade name for a combination of blue-green copper minerals including Malachite, Azurite, Turquoise, & Chrysocolla; also known as King Solomon Stone


ELDARITE - a trade name for a volcanic Rhyolite (not a Stromatolite fossil as some have suggested); also known as Kambaba Stone, Crocodile Stone, or Nebula Stone


ELESTIAL ANGEL STONE - a trademarked name for white Calcite from south-western United States; also known by the misleading misnomer White Moldavite


ELESTIAL QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form (usually seen in Smoky Quartz) composed of multiple small terminations with parallel rhombohedral faces, often creating an overall double terminated effect; crystal clusters may be particularly flat or elongated, sometimes with skeletal voids (and occasional enhydro inclusions); synonymous with Jacare Quartz and Alligator Quartz


EMA EGG - a name for a common artificially shaped crystal with one face polished (not 'river tumbled' as sometimes claimed) available in a variety of stone types including Rose Quartz, Clear Quartz, Amethyst, & Labradorite; also known as Ovo de Ema


EMERALDINE - not actually emerald, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for dyed green Chalcedony


EMERALDITE - not actually Emerald, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Green Tourmaline


EMERAUDE - an old Middle English name for Emerald


EMPHOLITE - a synonym for Diaspore, also known as Kayserite & Tanatarite


EMPOWERITE - a trademarked name for a variety of brown Chert


ENDURITE - a trademarked name for banded red Jasper with Hematite from India


ERZURUM STONE - a trade name for a variety of Jet found in eastern Turkey; also known as Oltu Stone


ESSONITE - an antiquated name for Hessonite Garnet, also known as Cinnamon Stone


EUPHORALITE - a trademarked name for a lithium Pegmatite rock composed of Mica, Tourmaline, & Quartz from South Dakota, USA


EVENING EMERALD - a marketing name & misleading misnomer for Peridot


EYELID OF VENUS - an ancient name for Amethyst, as mentioned by Pliny the Elder


 

FAIRY CROSS STONE - more commonly seen as a synonym for Staurolite, but may also sometimes refer to Chiastolite


FAIRY QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form composed of large underlying Quartz points encrusted by a second generation of smaller druzy crystals on its prism faces; also known as Spirit Quartz, Cactus Quartz & Pineapple Quartz


FAIRY STONE - a synonym for a variety of Calcite concretion from Quebec, Canada; sometimes also known as Goddess Stone; not to be confused with Fairy Quartz


FALCON'S EYE - a trade name & synonym for Red Tiger's Eye (an artifically-treated variety of Quartz with Amphibole inclusions)


FEI CUI - a new preferred mineralogical name for Jadeite-Jade that encompasses Jadeite, Omphacite, & Kosmochlor varieties


FIRE & ICE QUARTZ - a trade name for an artificially enhanced variety of Quartz that has been heated to a very high temperature and then cooled quickly, or quench-crackled; the shock creates a network of fractures which can absorb various brightly coloured dyes; also known as Crackle Quartz


FIRE QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with red Hematite inclusions; also known as Hematoid Quartz


FIRE STONE - an old name for Iron Pyrite, as listed in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


FLOWERSTONE - a name for Basalt Porphyry with contrasting Feldspar 'flower' formations from British Columbia, Canada; very similar to Chrysanthemum Stone; also known as Flower Porphyry or Starstone


FLUORO-SPAR - an antiquated name and synonym for Fluorite


FOOLS GOLD - not actually Gold, but a common name and misnomer for Iron Pyrite


FORDITE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade material composed of layers of automotive paint, resulting from the buildup of enamel in areas where cars were spray-painted; also known as Detroit Agate or Rainbow Calsilica

 

GAGATES - an ancient name for Jet, as listed in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts; also known by the misnomer Black Amber


GAHNITE - a synonym for Vesuvianite; also known as Idocrase


GAIA STONE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade material composed of bright green transparent glass said to contain ash particles from the Mount St. Helen's eruption; also known as Helenite or Green Obsidian


GALAXY GRANITE - not actually Granite, but a trade name & misnomer for an Amphibole-rich mafic rock; commonly misidentified as Nuummite; also known as Coppernite


GALAXYITE - a trade name for a type of micro-crystalline Labradorite; not to be confused with Galaxite (a variety of Spinel)


GEL LITHIUM SILICA - a trademarked name for a variety of dense lithian Muscovite


GEM SILICA - a trade name for a blue variety of Chalcedony with Copper inclusions; also known as Chrysocolla Chalcedony


GERMAN LAPIS - a misleading misnomer for Jasper dyed blue as a Lapis Lazuli simulant; also known as Swiss Lapis


GILSON OPAL - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-created polymer material commonly sold as an Opal imitation


GIRASOL - a trade name for a milky opalescent Quartz with nano inclusions closely related to Dumortierite; also known as Moon Quartz, Opalized Quartz, or Metamorphosis Quartz


GLACIERITE - a trademarked name for an unknown blue & white mineral from Indonesia (possibly a sodium-aluminium oxide)


GODDESS STONE - a trade name for Menilite Opal; may also refer to a type of Calcite concretion from Quebec, Canada (also known as Fairy Stone)


GOLDEN CORACALCITE - a trademarked name for Calcite from Florida, USA


GOLDEN HEALER QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with Limonite (iron oxide) surface inclusions


GOLDEN LABRADORITE - a trade name and partial misnomer for Bytownite (a Plagioclase Feldspar closely related to Labradorite)


GOLDSTONE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade glass containing tiny glittering flecks of copper suspended in a coloured matrix; also seen in blue & green 'Goldstone' varieties; also known as Goldfluss


GRAPE AGATE - a trade name & partial misnomer for botryoidal Chalcedony (to be considered a true Agate a stone must display banding, which 'Grape Agate' does not); purple varieties are also sometimes known as Grape Amethyst


GREEN AMETHYST - not actually Amethyst, but a trade name & misnomer for Prasiolite (Green Quartz); not wholly synonymous with Prase, and not to be confused with Prasolite (a variety of Chlorite); also known as Vermarine


GREEN ANGEL DREAMSTONE - a trademarked name for Quartz with Hedenbergite inclusions from Inner Mongolia, China; also known as Qigong Quartz; not considered a synonym for Seriphos Quartz (with the same inclusions)


GREEN GOLDSTONE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade glass containing tiny glittering flecks of chromium oxide particles suspended in a coloured matrix; also seen in blue & copper coloured 'Goldstone' varieties


GREEN TARALITE - a trademarked name for a variety of green Andesite rock


GREENSTONE - a synonym for Nephrite Jade, Bowenite, or Serpentine from New Zealand; also known as Pounamu, or Kawakawa, Kahurangi, & Tangiwai more specifically; trademarked as New Zealand Greenstone


GUARDIANITE - a trademarked name for a variety of Nepheline Syenite rock


 

HAFNEFJORDITE - a synonym for Labradorite


HARLEQUIN QUARTZ - a trade name for a variety of Quartz with red Hematite inclusions (not Lepidocrocite as sometimes suggested); very similar to and sometimes considered synonymous with genuine Strawberry Quartz (though not to be confused with the manmade glass 'Strawberry Quartz')


HAWK'S EYE - a trade name & synonym for Blue Tiger's Eye (a member of the Quartz family with chatoyant Amphibole inclusions)


HEALER'S GOLD - a trade name for a combination of Pyrite & Marcasite from Arizona; also known as Apache Gold


HEALERITE - a trademarked name for light green Serpentine


HEARTENITE - a trademarked name for a variety of dark green Serpentine


HECATOLITE - a synonym for Moonstone (encompassing a variety of Feldspars)


HELIOTROPE - a synonym for Bloodstone (a form of Chalcedony mixed with Jasper)


HEMALYKE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade material composed of reconstituted iron oxide and used as a Hematite imitation; also known as Hematine or Hemalike


HERKIMER DIAMOND - not actually Diamond, but a common name and misnomer for an exceptionally clear variety of double terminated Quartz from Herkimer County, New York, USA; similar crystal formations from other localities may be considered 'Herkimer-like', but only crystals from Herkimer County are to be considered genuine Herkimer Diamonds


HILUTITE - a trade name for a combination of Quartz, Garnet, Zircon & Goethite


HIMALAYAN DIAMOND - not actually Diamond, but a trade name and misnomer for a 'Herkimer Diamond-style' double terminated Quartz found in Pakistan; also known as Pakimer Diamond


HOT SPRINGS DIAMOND - a local name & misnomer for Clear Quartz from Arkansas, USA


HYACINTH - a historical name used to refer to a yellowish-red stone in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts, most often believed to be Red Zircon; also known as Jacinth


 

ICE CREAM STONE - a trade name for Opalized Fluorite; also known as Tiffany Stone


ICE QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of growth-interference Quartz from Himachal Pradesh, India; also known as Nirvana Quartz


ICELAND SPAR - a synonym for optical Calcite; also known as the misnomer Viking Sunstone


IDOCRASE - a synonym for Vesuvianite; also known as Gahnite


ILLUMINITE - a trademarked name for black Quartz with white Calcite


INCA ROSE - a synonym for Rhodochrosite; also known as Raspberry Spar or Villaurite


INDIAN JADE - not actually Jade, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Aventurine


INDIGO LIGHT - a trademarked name for Quartz with Blue Tourmaline, Mica & other minerals from Brazil


INFINITE - a trade name for a variety of Serpentine from South Africa


INKALITE - a trademarked name for a variety of white Quartz from Peru


IOLITE - a synonym for gem grade Cordierite; also known as Dichroite or Water Sapphire


IRIS - an old name for Clear Quartz with rainbow inclusions as recorded by Roman historian Pliny the Elder; also trade names for Agate with natural rainbow iridescence from Indonesia & white Quartz with Brazil-law twinning from India


IRON ROSE - a synonym for Hematite in its platy 'rosette' habit


ISUA STONE - a trade name for an iron-rich Amphibole mineral from Greenland


 

JACINTH - an antiquated name used to refer to a yellowish-red stone in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts, most often believed to be Red Zircon; also known as Hyacinth


JADE - a common name referring to two distinct mineral types, Jadeite (a member of the Pyroxene group) and Nephrite (a member of the Amphibole group); Jadeite-Jade is now also more accurately known as Fei Cui


JADINE - a synonym for Chrysoprase


JALITE - a synonym for Hyalite Opal; also known as Mueller's Glass or Water Opal


JASPILITE - a trade name for a combination of Jasper & Hematite; also known as Banded Iron Formation


JAVANITE - a synonym for Indochinite (a variety of Impactite Tektite)


JENAKITE - a trade name for a variety of Nuummite from Mauritania; not to be confused with Galaxy Granite (commonly mis-identified as Nuummite)


JOURADO DIAMOND - a trade name for a colourless variety of Spinel


 

K2 STONE - a trade name for a combination of Granite with Azurite from K2 Mountain in Pakistan


KAHURANGI - a Maori name for a translucent & vivid green variety of Nephrite; also known more generally as Pounamu or New Zealand Greenstone


KALLAIT - a trade name & synonym for Turquoise, although it more often refers to Turquoise imitations (dyed Howlite or Magnesite); also sometimes spelled Kallaite; also known as Callais


KAMBABA STONE - a trade name for a volcanic Rhyolite (not a Stromatolite fossil as some have suggested); also known as Crocodile Stone, Nebula Stone, or Eldarite


KANSAS POP ROCKS - a trade name for fossilized Pyrite & Marcasite concretions from Kansas, USA; also known as Boji Stones


KAURILITE - a trademarked name for a sub-fossilized resin from the Kauri tree in New Zealand; also known as Kauri Copal


KAWAKAKA - a Maori name for a variety of Nephrite that comes in many shades with flecks & inclusions; also known more generally as Pounamu or New Zealand Greenstone


KAYSERITE - a synonym for Diaspore; also known as Csarite, Tantarite, Empholite & Zultanite


KIDNEY ORE - a synonym for Hematite, specifically in the botryoidal formation


KILLIECRANKIE DIAMOND - a trade name & misleading misnomer for colourless Topaz from Tazmania, Australia


KINRADITE - a trade name for a variety of orbicular Jasper from California, USA


KOREAN JADE - a trade name & misleading misnomer for any kind of Jade substitution, frequently Green Aventurine


KUNDALINI CRYSTAL - a trade name for a variety of Citrine from the Congo DRC


KURUVINDA - a Sanskrit word for Ruby-Sapphire; also known as Corundum


 

LABRADOR HORNBLENDE - a synonym for Hypersthene


LAKELANDITE - a trade name for a variety of Basalt with Bytownite phenocrysts from England


LANDSCAPE QUARTZ - a trade name for a variety of Quartz with mossy Chlorite inclusions (most often with pink or brown colours); also known as Lodolite, Shaman Dream Quartz, Shaman Quartz & Scenic Quartz


LAPIS - a Latin name commonly used as the short form for Lapis Lazuli; though it was also used to simply mean 'stone' throughout medieval lapidary texts (eg. Lapis Divinus for Nephrite, Lapis Jaspis for Jasper, Lapis Calaminaris for Smithsonite & Hemimorphite)


LAPIS LACE ONYX - a trade name for a combination of Scheelite, blue Dolomite & Calcite


LARIMAR - a trade name for blue Pectolite from the Dominican Republic; also known as Dolphin Stone, Atlantis Stone, or Stefilia's Stone


LASIONITE - a synonym for Wavellite


LASUR - a synonym for Azurite


LAVENDERITE - a trademarked name for Phosphoderite


LAVULITE - a synonym for Sugilite


LEAD CRYSTAL - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade glass made with lead and used in tableware or decorative objects; sometimes referred to simply as 'Crystal' (in the non-mineralogical sense); also known as Czech Crystal, Swarovski Crystal & Waterford Crystal


LEAVERITE - an old rockhounding joke for a stone that has no particular value or appeal, as in 'Leave it right there'; a phenomenon purely in the eye of the beholder!


LEHRITE - a trade name for a variety of Sunstone (Labradorite) from Oregon, USA


LEMON CHRYSOPRASE - not actually Chrysoprase, but a marketing name & misnomer for Nickel Magnesite; also known as Citron Chrysoprase


LEMURIAN AQUATINE - a trademarked name for a variety of banded blue Calcite from Argentina; also known by the marketing name & misnomer Blue Onyx


LEMURIAN MIST CRYSTAL - a trademarked name for misty low grade Quartz


LEMURIAN QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form with deep horizontal striations (parallel ridges) running along the prism faces, with a shape that tapers slightly or more dramatically towards the termination; often these crystals will have a slightly frosted or matte appearance, and may have a slight tint of pink, orange, or gold colouration due to the presence of Hematite or Limonite; only those crystal found in Serra do Cabral, Minas Gerais, Brazil are considered true Lemurians; also known as Star Seed Quartz or Lemurian Seed Quartz


LILY PAD QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with small flat discs of Chlorite inclusions (possibly Seraphinite)


LITHIA EMERALD - an old name & misnomer for Hiddenite


LITHIUM LIGHT - a trademarked name for lithian Muscovite in Quartz


LITTLE FALLS DIAMOND - a synonym for Herkimer Diamond (a misnomer for double terminated Quartz from New York), also known as Middleville Diamond


LLANITE - a trade name for Rhyolite with blue Quartz phenocrysts from Texas, USA; very similar to (though not strictly a synonym of) Que Sera


LODESTONE - a common name & synonym for Magnetite


LODOLITE - a trade name for a variety of Quartz with mossy Chlorite inclusions (most often with pink or brown colours); also known as Scenic Quartz, Landscape Quartz, & Shaman Dream Quartz


LUNA - a medieval alchemical name for both the metal Silver as well as the moon


LUNAR ROSE - a trade name for a variety of smoky Girasol Quartz with rosy tint


LYNGURIUM - a mysterious stone described by ancient Roman philosophers as by the solidified urine of the lynx, a belief that was carried into the Middle Ages & perpetuated throughout medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts; historians now believe this stone to be Amber (or possibly Tourmaline); also known as Lynx Stone, Ligurium, or Ligurus


LYNX SAPPHIRE - a trade name & misleading misnomer for Iolite; also known as Cordierite


 

MADEIRA TOPAZ - not actually Topaz, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Citrine


MAGDALENA STONE - a trade name for a variety of knobbly Quartz with Hematite, Muscovite & Amphibole inclusions from Zambia; also known as Witch Finger Quartz


MAGNETIC HEMATITE - a trade name for an artificallyreconstituted combination of hematite & magnetite


MAGNIFIER QUARTZ - a trademarked name for Quartz with misty white inclusions from Madagascar


MALACHOLLA - a trade name for a combination of Malachite & Chrysocolla


MANIFEST LIGHT CRYSTALS - a trademarked name for a variety of Quartz with small flecks of Hematite inclusions


MARAMALITE - a trademarked name for a variety of Serpentine from New Zealand


MARIAM STONE - a trade name for a type of Jasper with fossiliferous inclusions; also known as Calligraphy Stone, Script Stone & Sange Maryam


MARSH ORE - an antiquated name & synonym for Limonite


MASTER SHAMANITE - a trademarked name for black Calcite


MATURA DIAMOND - a trade name & misleading misnomer for a colourless variety of Zircon


MAXIXE - a synonym for dark blue Aquamarine


MEDUSA QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with blue Gilalite inclusions; also known as Paraiba Quartz


MELINOSE - a synonym for Wulfenite


MELODY STONE - a trademarked name for a combination of Amethyst, Smoky Quartz, Clear Quartz, Cacoxenite, Lepidocrocite, Goethite & Rutile; also known as Super Seven, Sacred Seven & Agape Crystal


MERKABITE - a trademarked name for white Calcite from Kansas, USA


MERLINITE - a trade name for Dendritic Opal, also known as Dendritic Agate; not to be confused with a different trademarked name, Mystic Merlinite (a variety of Gabbro)


METAMORPHOSIS QUARTZ - a trade name for a milky opalescent Quartz with nano inclusions closely related to Dumortierite; also known as Girasol, Moon Quartz or Opalized Quartz


MEXICAN ONYX - a trade name & misnomer for banded Calcite from Mexico


MIDDLEVILLE DIAMOND - a synonym for Herkimer Diamond (a misnomer for double terminated Quartz from New York), also known as Little Falls Diamond


MIZZONITE - a synonym of Marialite (a variety of Scapolite)


MONARCH OPAL - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-created material commonly sold as an Opal imitation


MONATOMIC ANDARA - not a genuine crystal, but a notorious scam for manmade coloured 'slag glass' or 'cullet glass' (used in landscaping & aquarium decoration) being sold as authentic natural crystals from the earth; also known as Andara Crystal


MONTANA RUBY - not actually Ruby, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Almandine Garnet


MOON QUARTZ - a trade name for a milky opalescent Quartz with nano inclusions closely related to Dumortierite; also known as Girasol, Metamorphosis Quartz or Opalized Quartz


MOONSTONE - a popular name used for a range of pearly opalescent Feldspar minerals (most often Orthoclase or Adularia, but may also refer to other types of Microcline, Plagioclase & Sanidine); alternately known as Chandrakanta, Hecatolite & Astrion; also an old name for Selenite as described in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts; the manmade glass Opalite is sometimes erroneously sold as Moonstone


MOQUI MARBLES - a trade name for sedimentary concretions of Hematite, Limonite & Goethite from Utah; also known as Shaman Stones; not to be confused with Boji Stones


MORION - a common name for very dark, almost black naturally-occurring Smoky Quartz (not the artificially irradiated variety)


MOUNTAIN GREEN - a synonym for Malachite


MTOROLITE - a trade name for a variety of chromium-rich Chalcedony; also known as Chiquitanita


MUELLER'S GLASS - a synonym & misnomer for Hyalite Opal; also known as Jalite or Water Opal


MUGGLESTONE - a trade name for a combination of Red Jasper, Tiger's Eye & Hematite; also known as Tiger Iron


MUNDIC - a Cornish name for Iron Pyrite; alternately, a name used for Copper ore in the 17th century in southwest England


MURRHINE - an ancient name used by Pliny the Elder to describe a soft ornamental stone with colours of purple and white, now believed to be banded Fluorite


MYSTIC MERLININTE - a trademarked name for a dark indigo coloured Gabbro, an intrusive igneous rock


 

NEBULA STONE - a trademarked name for a variety of volcanic Rhyolite; initially believed to be distinct from Kambaba Stone, but now both are considered accepted forms of Eldarite


NERCHINSK AQUAMARINE - a trade name & misleading misnomer for blue Topaz from Russia


NEW JADE - not truly Jade, but a trade name & misnomer for Bowenite (a variety of Antigorite-Serpentine); also known as Suzhou Jade, or Tangiwai in Maori


NIGHT BRIGHT PEARL - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade ceramic material artificially doped with rare earth elements so that it phosphoresces; also known as Ye Ming Zhu


NIRVANA QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of growth-interference Quartz from Himachal Pradesh, India; also known as Ice Quartz


NUNDERITE - a trade name for a type of Aegirine-Syenite from New South Wales, Australia; also more accurately spelled Nundorite


NZURI MOYO - a trade name for a combination of Rhodonite & Clinozoisite from Namibia


 

OCCIDENTAL TURQUOISE - a trade name & misnomer for Odontolite (fossil bone) containing microcrystalline blue Apatite; also known as Bone Turquoise


OCEAN BERYL - a trade name for Aquamarine


OCEAN JASPER - a trade name for a variety of silicified orbicular Rhyolite from Madagascar


OLTU STONE - a trade name for a variety of Jet found in eastern Turkey; also known as Erzurum Stone


OOGULITE - a trademarked name for botryoidal Chalcedony nodules from North Africa


OPAL ESSENCE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade silicate glass used as an Opal imitation in the early-mid 20th century; also known as Slocum Opal or Slocum Stone


OPALITE - not a genuine crystal, but a luminous manmade glass commonly sold as Moonstone or Opal imitation


OPTHALAMUS - an antiquated name for Opal, as described in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


OREGON JADE - a trade name & misleading misnomer for green Jasper


OURO VERDE QUARTZ - a trade name for an artificially-treated Quartz that has been heated & irradiated to produce a citrus green colour


 

PAKIMER DIAMOND - not actually Diamond, but a trade name & misnomer for a 'Herkimer-style' double terminated Quartz from Pakistan; also known as Pakimer or Himalayan Diamond; not to be confused with genuine Herkimer Diamonds from Herkimer County, NY, USA


PAKULITE - a trademarked name for a variety of Rhyolite


PEACOCK ORE - a common name & synonym for Bornite (however much of the bright 'Peacock Ore' on the market is actually acid-treated Chalcopyrite)


PECOS DIAMOND - not actually Diamond, but a trade name & misnomer for a peach coloured variety of double terminated Quartz from New Mexico, USA


PAEDEROS - a old name from Ancient Greece meaning 'precious stone' (or 'favourite'), used by Pliny the Elder to describe sky blue & purple stones; now most often thought to refer to Opal or Amethyst


PAPAYA QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with red-orange Amphibole inclusions; also known as Angel Phantom Quartz, or Rabbit Hair Quartz if the inclusions are delicately & ubiquitously dispersed


PARAIBA QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with blue Gilalite inclusions; also known as Medusa Quartz


PETOSKEY STONE - a common name for fossilized rugose Coral


PETSCHITE - a trade name for a variety of Scapolite from Tanzania


PHOENIX PINE - a trade name for a combination of Malachite, Chrysocolla & Quartz (often incorrectly sold as Ajoite); also known as Phoenix Stone or Compassion Stone


PICASSO JASPER - not actually a Jasper, but a trade name for a variety of metamorphosed Limestone


PIETERSITE - a trade name for a variety of brecciated Tiger's Eye, Hawk's Eye & Quartz-Chalcedony


PINEAPPLE QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form composed of large underlying Quartz points encrusted by a second generation of smaller druzy crystals on its prism faces; also known as Spirit Quartz, Fairy Quartz & Cactus Quartz


PINK AMETHYST - not actually Amethyst, but a marketing name & misnomer for Hematite included Quartz from Argentina; also known as Rose Amethyst or Cranberry Quartz


PINK LAZURINE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-grown pink Quartz simulant; similar to Siberian Blue Quartz


PLASMA - a name for a microfibrous variety of green Chalcedony; also an old name for opaque milky Quartz, as mentioned in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


POLARITY MOONSTONE - a trade name for white Feldspar with green-brown Apatite inclusions


POTATO STONE - a local name for small rounded geodes composed of Quartz & Calcite from Somerset, England; also known as Mendip Potato Stone


POUNAMU - a name for a stone highly valued in Maori culture, classified by colour and appearance which may include Nephrite, Bowenite, and Serpentine; also known as New Zealand Greenstone, or Kawakawa, Kahurangi, & Tangiwai more specifically


PRASE - not a specific mineral type, but rather a colour descriptor for both micro- and macro-crystalline green Quartz varieties (including some Jaspers); not strictly synonymous with Prasiolite; not to be confused with Prasolite (a variety of light green Chlorite)


PRESELI BLUESTONE - a synonym for Preseli Spotted Dolerite, an igneous rock from South Wales used in the construction of Stonehenge; also referred to as Bluestone or Stonehenge Bluestone


PRIMALITE - a trademarked name for a variety of Quartz with dark green Clinochlore inclusions


PROPHECY STONE - a trade name for pseudomorphic Limonite after Pyrite from Egypt


PUDDINGSTONE - a trade & folkloric name for Conglomerate composed of rounded pebbles of Flint from Hertfordshire, England; also known as Plum Pudding Stone or Christmas Pudding Stone


PURPLE ANGELINE - a trademarked name for a combination of Amethyst, Smoky Quartz & Cacoxenite


 

QIGONG QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with Hedenbergite inclusions from Inner Mongolia, China; also known as Qigong Heart & Spirit Quartz, or Green Angel Dreamstone


QUANTUM QUATTRO SILICA - a trademarked name for a combination of Chrysocolla, Shattuckite, Malachite, Dioptase & Smoky Quartz from Namibia


QUE SERA - a trade name for Rhyolite with blue Quartz phenocrysts from Brazil; very similar to (though not strictly a synonym of) Llanite


 

RAINBOW CALSILICA - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade material composed of layers of automotive paint, resulting from the buildup of enamel in areas where cars were spray-painted; also known as Fordite or Detroit Agate


RAINBOW MAYANITE - a trademarked name for Quartz with surface deposits of rainbow Limonite & Turgite


RAINBOW MOONSTONE - a common trade name for white Plagioclase Feldspar with blue schiller; more accurately known as White Labradorite


RASPBERRY SPAR - a synonym for Rhodochrosite


RATHBUNITE - a trademarked name for a variety of banded Jasper


RED LEAD - a synonym for Crocoite


REGALITE - a trade name for an artificially dyed matrix material (possibly Magnesite) available in many bright colours, often shaped into beads; also seen as Imperial Jasper (not to be confused with the genuine variety) or Sea Sediment Jasper


REINDEER STONE - a trade name & synonym for Tugtupite


RESINITE - a synonym for Amber that occurs in coal seams; also known as Ambrite in New Zealand


REVELATION STONE - a trademarked name for a variety of mixed brown & red coloured Japer


RHINESTONE - an old name for any kind of gemstone imitation (may be plastic, resin, or glass); originally referred to Rock Crystal gathered from the banks of the Rhine River


ROCK CRYSTAL - a traditional name & synonym for water-clear crystalline Quartz


ROCK SALT - a common name & synonym for Halite


ROSE AMETHYST - not actually Amethyst, but a marketing name & misnomer for Hematite included Quartz from Argentina; also known as Pink Amethyst or Cranberry Quartz


ROSE DE FRANCE - a trade name for light lavender coloured Amethyst


ROSEALINE - a synonym for Thulite


ROSOPHIA - a trademarked name for red-pink Granite


ROYAL AZEL - a trade name & synonym for Sugilite


RUBY COPPER - not actually Ruby, but a partial misnomer & synonym for Cuprite


RUBY SULPHUR - not actually Ruby, but an old misnomer & synonym for Realgar; also known as Ruby Arsenic or Red Orpiment


 

SACRED SEVEN - a trademarked name for a combination of Amethyst, Smoky Quartz, Clear Quartz, Cacoxenite, Lepidocrocite, Goethite & Rutile; also known as Super Seven, Melody Stone & Agape Crystal


SAFFORDITE - a trade name for a 'pseudotektite' variety of Obsidian; a synonym for Arizonaite, Colombianite & Cintanami Stone


SAND ROSE - a trade name for a rose-type formation of Selenite, Baryte, or Celestine; also known as Gypsum Rose, or Desert Rose


SANDARAC - a historical name & synonym for Realgar


SANGE MARYAM - a trade name for a type of Jasper with fossiliferous inclusions; also known as Mariam Stone, Script Stone & Calligraphy Stone


SANGUINE - an antiquated name & synonym for Hematite


SARD - an old medieval name for red Chalcedony; a term often used interchangeably with Carnelian (though Sard is variously described as darker and harder); not generally considered synonymous with Sardonyx (red banded Onyx), though the two are closely related; also known historically as Sardine


SATIN SPAR - a common name & synonym for Selenite


SATYA MANI - a trademarked name for a variety of milky white Quartz from India


SAURALITE - a trademarked name for white Quartz from New Zealand


SCENIC QUARTZ - a trade name for a variety of Quartz with mossy Chlorite inclusions (most often with pink or brown colours); also known as Lodolite, Shaman Dream Quartz, Shaman Quartz & Landscape Quartz


SCOTCH PEBBLE - a local name for rounded Quartzite stones from Perthshire, Scotland; also known as Scottish Agate


SCRIPT STONE - a trade name for a type of Jasper with fossiliferous inclusions; also known as Mariam Stone, Calligraphy Stone & Sange Maryam


SEDONALITE - a trademarked name for Sandstone concretions from Arizona, USA


STEFILIA'S STONE - a synonym for Larimar (a variety of blue Pectolite)


SERAPHINITE - a common trade name for a variety of Clinochlore (Chlorite group) from Irkutsk Oblast, Russia; also known as Serafina


SERPENT'S TONGUE - an old name for Megalodon fossil teeth, as described in medieval Materia Medica lapidary texts


SHAH MAGHSOUD - a trade name for a variety of Serpentine from Afghanistan


SHAMAN QUARTZ - a trade name for a variety of Quartz with mossy Chlorite inclusions (most often with pink or brown colours); also known as Lodolite, Shaman Dream Quartz, Scenic Quartz & Landscape Quartz


SHAMAN STONES - a a trade name for sedimentary concretions of Hematite, Limonite & Goethite from Utah; also known as Moqui Marbles; not to be confused with Shaman Quartz


SHANTILITE - a trademarked name for grey Agate from Madagascar


SHIVA LINGAM - a Sanskrit name for an ellipsoid stone symbolic of cosmic mystery and the creative life essence; the name refers to the particular ovoid shape of the stone rather than a specific crystal type; traditional Shiva Lingams shaped from a variety of Jasper found along the Naramada River in India are known as Banalinga


SIBERIAN BLUE JADE - not actually Jade, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for a blue Potassicrichterite Amphibole rock; also known as Dianite Jade


SIBERIAN BLUE QUARTZ - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade lab-grown Quartz simulant; similar to Pink Lazurine


SIBERIAN RUBY - not actually Ruby, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Red Tourmaline


SIEBER AGATE - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade 'slag glass' of a dark blue colour produced as a byproduct of iron smelting in Bad Lauterberg, Germany in the late 18th century (not 1400 years ago as previously suggested); also known as Sieberachat or Bodeachat


SILKSTONE - a trade name for a diverse range a of lapidary minerals from Minnesota, United States (most often varieties of Chalcedony, sometimes with Amphibole inclusions); also known as Binghamite or Cuyunite


SLOUCUM OPAL - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade silicate glass used as an Opal imitation in the early-mid 20th century; also known as Opal Essence or Slocum Stone


SMARAGDUS - an ancient name for an unknown variety of green stone as mentioned by Pliny the Elder in Natural History; now believed to refer to Peridot or Emerald


SMOKY TOPAZ - not actually Topaz, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Smoky Quartz


SOLSTICE STONES - a folk name for ancient megalithic structures aligned to the mid-summer or mid-winter sunrise; also the name for a delightful shop where you can buy beautiful, ethical crystals!


SONORA SUNRISE - a trade name for a combination of Chrysocolla & Cuprite from Mexico


SORCERER'S STONE - a trade name for Nuummite; not to be confused with Galaxy Granite (commonly mis-identified as Nuummite)


SPARTALITE - a synonym for Zincite; also known as Sterlingite


SPECTROLITE - a trade name for a variety of Labradorite with exceptional schiller from Finland


SPHENE - a synonym for Titanite; also known as Castellite


SPIRALITE - a trademarked name for a variety of druzy Fossil Shell


SPIRIT QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form composed of large underlying Quartz points encrusted by a second generation of smaller druzy crystals on its prism faces; also known as Cactus Quartz, Fairy Quartz & Pineapple Quartz


STAR SEED QUARTZ - a trade name for a type of Quartz growth form with deep horizontal striations (parallel ridges) running along the prism faces, with a shape that tapers slightly or more dramatically towards the termination; often these crystals will have a slightly frosted or matte appearance, and may have a slight tint of pink, orange, or gold colouration due to the presence of Hematite or Limonite; also more often known as Lemurian Quartz; only those crystal found in Serra do Cabral, Minas Gerais, Brazil are considered true Lemurians


STARBURST QUARTZ - a trade name for growth interference Quartz from Diamantina, Brazil


STARLITE - a trade name & synonym for Blue Zircon


STELLAR BEAM - a trade name & synonym for Dogtooth Calcite


STERLINGITE - a synonym for Zincite; also known as Spartalite


STONE OF LIFE - a trade name for banded Chrysotile Serpentine


STRAWBERRY QUARTZ - a trade name for a genuine variety of Quartz with scattered Hematite inclusions; sometimes considered synonymous with Harlequin Quartz; very similar to red Aventurine (though Strawberry Quartz is crystalline in formation, not massive); also occasionally seen as a synonym for artificially created 'Cherry Quartz' (a manmade glass)


SUCCINITE - a synonym for Baltic Amber


SUNSET GOLD - a trademarked name for a variety of golden Selenite


SUPER SEVEN - a trademarked name for a combination of Amethyst, Smoky Quartz, Clear Quartz, Cacoxenite, Lepidocrocite, Goethite & Rutile; also known as Sacred Seven, Melody Stone & Agape Crystal


SUZHOU JADE - not truly Jade, but a trade name & misnomer for Bowenite (a variety of Antigorite-Serpentine); also known as New Jade or Tangiwai in Maori


SWAROVSKI CRYSTAL - not a genuine crystal, but a trademarked name for a manmade lead glass used in tableware and decorative objects; sometimes referred to simply as 'Crystal' (in the non-mineralogical sense) or Lead Crystal; similar to Czech Crystal & Waterford Crystal


SWISS LAPIS - a misleading misnomer for Jasper dyed blue as a Lapis Lazuli simulant; also known as German Lapis


SYNERGITE - a trademarked name for Amethyst with Cacoxenite inclusions


 

TANGANYIKA ARTSTONE - a trade name & synonym for a combination of Ruby, Pargasite & green Zoisite; also known as Anyolite, or more commonly as Ruby in Zoisite


TANGERINE QUARTZ - a trade name for Quartz with a natural orange tint due to surface deposits of Hematite


TANGIWAI - a Maori name for a variety of Bowenite; also known more generally as Pounamu or New Zealand Greenstone


TANATARITE - a synonym for Diaspore, also known as Kayserite & Empholite


TANZANITE - a common trade name for blue Zoisite from Tanzania


TASHMARINE - a trade name for a variety of Dioptase with iron inclusions


TEMPEST STONE - a trade name & synonym for Pietersite


TERRALUMINITE - a trademarked name for a variety of peach Granite


THUNDER EGG - a common name for a rough spherical rock with internal cracks & cavities filled in with Chalcedony, Opal, or Agate


TIFFANY STONE - a trade name & synonym for Opalized Fluorite; also known as Ice Cream Stone


TIGER IRON - a trade name for a combination of red Jasper, Tiger's Eye, & Hematite; also known as Mugglestone


TIGER'S EYE - a common trade name for a metamorphic variety of Quartz with altered Amphibole inclusions & 'cat's eye' chatoyancy


TOAD STONE - an old name for the fossilized tooth plate of an extinct fish; used as a protective amulet from the Middle Ages through recent times, as mentioned in Materia Medica lapidary texts; also known as Bufonite


TRANSMUTITE - a trademarked name for Petrified Wood from Nevada, USA


TRANSVAAL JADE - not actually Jade, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Grossular Garnet


TRYSTINE - a synonym for Ametrine; also known as Bolivianite


TRULITE SILICA - a trademarked name for green Jasper from South Africa


TURKEY FAT - an antiquated name & synonym for Smithsonite


TURQUENITE - a misleading trade name for artificially dyed Howlite or Magnesite sold as imitation Turquoise


TV STONE - a trade name & synonym for Ulexite


 

VENUS - a medieval alchemical name for Copper


VENUS HAIR - a synonym for Rutilated Quartz; also known as Angel Hair Quartz


VERDITE - a trade name for Fuchsite with inclusions


VERMARINE - a trade name & synonym for Prasiolite; also known as Green Amethyst


VICTORITE - a synonym for Enstatite; also, a trademarked name for combination of Quartz, Muscovite, & Spinel from India


VIKING SUNSTONE - not actually Sunstone in a true mineral sense, but a fabled stone used as a navigation instrument by seafaring Vikings; now believed to be Optical Calcite (Iceland Spar), or possibly Iolite


VITALITE - a trademarked name for a combination of Quartz, Muscovite & Piemontite Schist from New Zealand; also known as Aroha Stone


VLTAVIN - a synonym for Moldavite


VORTEXITE - a trademarked name for a variety of red Rhyolite


 

WATER OPAL - a synonym for Hyalite Opal; also known as Mueller's Glass or Jalite


WATER SAPPHIRE - not actually Sapphire, but a common marketing name & misnomer for Iolite; also known as gem Cordierite or Dichroite


WHITE GARNET - not actually Garnet, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Leucite (a member of the Feldspathoid group)


WHITE LABRADORITE - a synonym for Rainbow Moonstone (a variety of Plagioclase Feldspar)


WHITE MOLDAVITE - not actually Moldavite, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for white Calcite; also known as Elestial Angel Stone


WITCH FINGER - a trade name for a variety of knobbly Quartz with Hematite, Muscovite & Amphibole inclusions from Zambia; also known as Witch Finger Quartz


WONDERSTONE - a trade name for silicified Rhyolite (sometimes also known as Rainforest Jasper)


 

YE MING ZHU - not a genuine crystal, but a trade name for a manmade ceramic material artificially doped with rare earth elements so that it phosphoresces; also known as Yeh Ming Jhu or Night Bright Pearl


YENITE - a synonym for Ilvaite


YOOPERLITE - a trademarked name for fluorescent Syenite rocks with Sodalite inclusions from Michigan, USA


YOUNGITE - a trade name for a variety of brecciated Jasper with druzy Chalcedony from Wyoming, USA


 

UPALA STONE - a synonym for Opal


URAL SAPPHIRE - not actually Sapphire, but a misleading marketing name & misnomer for Blue Tourmaline


UTAHLITE - a synonym for Variscite; also known as Amatrix ('American Matrix')


 

Z STONE - a trademarked name for pseudomorphic Limonite & Hematite after Marcasite


ZARINITE - a trade name for a copper-rich Gossan (oxidized ferruginous rock) from Russia


ZEBRA STONE - a trade name for a variety of striped Jasper from Western Australia


ZINC SPAR - an antiquated name & synonym for Smithsonite


ZINCBLENDE - a synonym for Sphalerite


ZULTANITE - a trademarked name for Diaspore from Anatolia, Turkey; also known as Kayserite, Empholite, Tantarite & Csarite


 


Original article by Michelle Cunningham of Solstice



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